Comparison of disinfection effectiveness through manual instrumentation, rotary system and photodynamic therapy in primary molars: An in vitro study

Original Research

Contemp Pediatr Dent 2022:3(2):52-60


Comparison of disinfection effectiveness through manual instrumentation, rotary system and photodynamic therapy in primary molars: An in vitro study

OrcidCesar Augusto Perini Rosas1✉, Orcid José Carlos Pettorossi Imparato2, Orcid Kelly Maria Silva Moreira3 , Orcid Samuel Nogueira Lima4,OrcidIrís Nogueira Bincelli Seckler5, Orcid Jonathan Sousa Amorim6, Orcid Victor Cavallaro Bottesini7 , Orcid Danilo Antônio Duarte8

Affiliations

1. DDS, MSc. São Leopoldo Mandic College, SLMANDIC. Campinas, SP, Brasil ( Correspondence ✉: cesarperini66@hotmail.com )

2. DDS, MSc., PhD São Leopoldo Mandic College, SLMANDIC. Campinas, SP, Brasil

3. DDS, MSc., PhD São Leopoldo Mandic College, SLMANDIC. Campinas, SP, Brasil

4. DDS, MSc. São Leopoldo Mandic College, SLMANDIC. Campinas, SP, Brasil

5. DDS, MSc. São Leopoldo Mandic College, SLMANDIC. Campinas, SP, Brasil

6. DDS, MSc. São Leopoldo Mandic College, SLMANDIC. Campinas, SP, Brasil

7. DDS, Master’s Student. São Paulo State University, Unesp. São José dos Campos, SP, Brasil

8. DDS, MSc., PhD São Leopoldo Mandic College, SLMANDIC. Campinas, SP, Brasil


Highlights

This study would help the pediatric dentists in clinical decision-making regarding the type of instrumentation for treating the root canals of primary teeth.

This study showed a bacterial reduction in all studied groups compared to the control group.

The application of these protocols reveals the novelty of the research, reducing the knowledge gap on the subject.


Abstract

Aim: Due to the particular anatomy of primary teeth, improvements in the materials and protocols used for disinfecting and modelling the root canal system are needed to develop a more objective and efficient approach. The aim of this in vitro experimental study was to compare the disinfection of the root canal system of primary teeth with manual, rotary and photodynamic therapy systems. Methods: Forty-eight canals of primary molar teeth were infected with a suspension of Enterococcus faecalis and divided into four groups (n = 12): group G1, composed of canals prepared with manual H-type files from the Angelus® system via the crown-down technique; group G2, treated with the Sequence of Baby Files™ rotary system by the pecking motion technique; group G3, using the G2 treatment + photodynamic therapy, with methylene blue as photosensitizer at a concentration of 0.005%, irradiated with a 660 nm diode laser for 100 seconds, 100 mW power, 10 J energy and 357 J/cm² fluence; and group G4 (negative control), which received no treatment. Samples of the canal contents were collected with sterile paper cones before and after instrumentation, diluted and seeded on BHI agar plates. The bacterial colonies formed were counted, and the results were log transformed and subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Dunnett’s test. Results: Showed a bacterial reduction in all studied groups compared to the control group. Conclusions: We concluded that the manual, rotary and photodynamic therapy systems all significantly reduced the E. faecalis count.

Keywords: Deciduous Teeth; Enterococcus faecalis; Root Canal Therapy


Copyright © 2022 Contemporary Pediatric Dentistry

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Full Text


DOI

10.51463/cpd.2022.112


Views

63 views

Article Info

Received:

25 March 2022

Accepted:

04 August 2022

Online First:

15 August 2022