Oral health literacy in mothers of children with microcephaly

Original Research

Contemp Pediatr Dent 2022:3(1):15-23

Oral health literacy in mothers of children with microcephaly

OrcidTereza Maria Alcântara Neves1, Orcid Marcia Regina Soares Cruz2, Orcid Giselle Rodrigues de Sant’Anna Neves3 , Orcid José Carlos Pettorossi Imparato4 , Orcid Emanuelle Paiva de Vasconcelos Dantas5 , Orcid Weslany de Oliveira Dantas6 , Orcid Maria Nauside Pessoa da Silva7 , Orcid Victor Cavallaro Bottesini8✉ , Orcid Danilo Antonio Duarte9


1. PhD, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Centro Universitário UNINOVAFAPI, Brazil

2. PhD, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Centro Universitário Santo Agostinho, Brazil

3.PhD, Department of Biomedical Engineering, São Leopoldo Mandic College, Brazil

4. PhD, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, University of São Paulo, Brazil

5. PhD, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Centro Universitário Uninassau Redenção, Brazil

6. Master, Department of Dentistry, Centro Universitário Uninassau Redenção, Brazil

7. PhD, Department of Health Biotechnology, Centro Universitário Uninassau Redenção, Brazil

8. Master’s Student, Department of Restorative Dentistry, São Paulo State University, Brazil ( Correspondence: victorbottesini@gmail.com)

9. PhD, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, São Leopoldo Mandic College, Brazil


The absence of oral health promotion actions aimed at the family of children with microcephaly is visible and contributes to the development of oral pathologies.

The majority of mothers of children with microcephaly associated caries with poor hygiene and gum bleeding with no brushing care.

The main results of this study demonstrate a low level of literacy in the surveyed population, and of the total sample, the majority revealed a low level of knowledge in oral health.


Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the level of knowledge and literacy in oral health of mothers of children with microcephaly. Methods: It was used a sample consisting of 74 mothers of children with microcephaly, under multiprofessional monitoring at the rehabilitation center for special patients at the Microcephaly Clinic of CEIR. A validated questionnaire was used to assess the mothers’ degree of knowledge about oral health and the BREALD-30 to assess the level of oral health literacy. Results: It was observed that most mothers (63.5%) studied between 8 and 11 years old. In most interviewees, family income was 1 minimum wage. There was a significant difference in the association between the level of literacy in oral health and family income (p <0.05) with a high level of literacy in oral health of mothers who had a monthly family income greater than 01 salary. Therefore, the low prevalence and severity of caries did not have a negative impact on health-related quality of life. Conclusions: The previous knowledge of literacy in the studied population contributes to a better communication between the professional and the family nucleus. As well as guides health promotion actions directed to children with microcephaly.

Keywords: Child; Health Literacy; Microcephaly; Oral Health

Copyright © 2022 Contemporary Pediatric Dentistry


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10 February 2022


22 March 2022

Online First:

24 March 2022