Contemp Pediatr Dent 2022:0(0):1-9
Oral health literacy in mothers of children with microcephaly
Tereza Maria Alcântara Neves1, Marcia Regina Soares Cruz2, Giselle Rodrigues de Sant’Anna Neves3 , José Carlos Pettorossi Imparato4 , Emanuelle Paiva de Vasconcelos Dantas5 , Weslany de Oliveira Dantas6 , Maria Nauside Pessoa da Silva7 , Victor Cavallaro Bottesini8✉ , Danilo Antonio Duarte9
The absence of oral health promotion actions aimed at the family of children with microcephaly is visible and contributes to the development of oral pathologies.
The majority of mothers of children with microcephaly associated caries with poor hygiene and gum bleeding with no brushing care.
The main results of this study demonstrate a low level of literacy in the surveyed population, and of the total sample, the majority revealed a low level of knowledge in oral health.
Aim: This study aimed to evaluate the level of knowledge and literacy in oral health of mothers of children with microcephaly. Methods: It was used a sample consisting of 74 mothers of children with microcephaly, under multiprofessional monitoring at the rehabilitation center for special patients at the Microcephaly Clinic of CEIR. A validated questionnaire was used to assess the mothers’ degree of knowledge about oral health and the BREALD-30 to assess the level of oral health literacy. Results: It was observed that most mothers (63.5%) studied between 8 and 11 years old. In most interviewees, family income was 1 minimum wage. There was a significant difference in the association between the level of literacy in oral health and family income (p <0.05) with a high level of literacy in oral health of mothers who had a monthly family income greater than 01 salary. Therefore, the low prevalence and severity of caries did not have a negative impact on health-related quality of life. Conclusions: The previous knowledge of literacy in the studied population contributes to a better communication between the professional and the family nucleus. As well as guides health promotion actions directed to children with microcephaly.
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10 February 2022
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