Does gestational nutrition affect the oral health of the new-born? An integrative review

Vitoria Gomes Alves¹ image, Eduarda Miho Kawabe2image, Victor Cavallaro Bottesini3image , Danilo Antonio Duarte4 image


The study aimed to investigate the association between gestational nutrition and the new-born oral health.

Gestational nutrition can affect oral health outcomes, acting as a protecting factor against pathologies such as defects in enamel development, cleft palate and risk of childhood caries.

Pediatric dentists should advise pregnant women regarding the effects of its nutrition on the child’s oral health.


Maternal nutrition and diet directly impact the development of the foetus. Thus, nutritional deficits, as well as maternal overweight or low weight, directly reflect the health of the new-born. Furthermore, maternal nutrition may be linked to the individual’s oral health outcome. Maternal nutrition is linked to the process of odontogenesis and the development of taste preferences in the child. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate the association between maternal nutrition and the infant’s oral health. An active search was performed in the following databases: PubMed, Scielo, Lilacs (Bireme), Web of Science, and Scopus, using the keywords “Breast Feeding”, “Nutrition” and “New-born”, associated with “Paediatric Dentistry”. Exclusion criteria based on time and document type were used to conduct the searches. A total of 634 studies underwent the filtering and selection process, resulting in 5 studies included in this review. Due to the small number of studies found, the development of new studies in the field of dentistry addressing the subject is suggested. Furthermore, it was observed that maternal nutrition influences the oral health of the baby, acting as a protective factor against oral pathologies.

Keywords: Child; Maternal Nutrition; Nutrition; Oral Health; Pediatric Dentistry

Author Affiliations

  1. Graduated, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, APCD, Brazil
  2. Graduated, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, APCD, Brazil
  3. Master’s Student, Department of Restorative Dentistry, São Paulo State University, Brazil (Correspondence:
  4. Professor, School of Dentistry, APCD, Brazil
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Article Info

Contemp Pediatr Dent 2023:4(2):39-45

Received: 31 March 2023

Accepted: 20 July 2023

Online First: 25 July 2023


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					Vitoria Gomes Alves, Eduarda Miho Kawabe, Victor Cavallaro Bottesini, Danilo Antonio Duarte. Does gestational nutrition affect the oral health of the new-born? An integrative review. Contemp Pediatr Dent 2023:4(2):39-45. 

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