Manuscript Preparation

Table of Contents

Format and Style: Journal’s language is English. However, both British and American spelling conventions are acceptable. Authors for whom English is a second language should get professional help before submission to make sure the English is of high quality. Contemporary Pediatric Dentistry strongly encourages Authors to help seek for professional editing before submission

Length: There is no limit for words. However, articles should be limited to a total number of 10 for Tables and Figures.

Accepted Files: Manuscripts should be uploaded as Word (.doc or .docx) or Rich Text Format (.rtf) files (not write-protected) including Figure files. For the latter, only high-resolution (at least 300 dpi) TIF,EPS, JPG, JPEG, PNG files are acceptable for submission. Tables should be done in Word rather than in Excel. Manuscripts should be formatted as described in the Author Guidelines.

Font: All submissions must be using a standard 12-point font size, and in the Times Roman font.

Layout and Spacing: Manuscript text should 1.5 spaced and in single column.

Page Size and Numbers: All pages should have a 1” margin on all sides in an A4 page size and have page numbers at bottom.

Headings: Please limit manuscript sections and subheadings to 3 levels. Make sure heading levels are clearly indicated in the manuscript text. The first level must include the Main Text Parts and all letters must be all capital and bold. Second level subheadings must be bold and initial letters of each word must only be capital. Third level subheadings must be only italic and non-bold and initial letters of each word must only be capital.

Reference Style:Contemporary Pediatric Dentistry uses the reference style outlined by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE). Some example formats are listed below. For more detailed additional examples are shown in the ICMJE sample references.

Abbreviations, Symbols and Nomenclature: Terms and names to be referred to in the form of abbreviations or acronyms must be given in full when first mentioned.

Units: SI units should be used throughout. If non-SI units must be quoted, the SI equivalent must immediately follow in parentheses.

Structure: All manuscripts submitted to Contemporary Pediatric Dentistry should follow the structure guidelines and have submission files below.

Contemporary Pediatric Dentistry uses double-blind review, which means the identities of the authors are concealed from the reviewers, and vice versa. To facilitate this, please include the Title Page and Main Text files separately. Please also note that:

Authors are obligated to upload at least 4 required files for submission as follows:

A) Cover Letter

B) Title Page

C) Main Text ( without any author identifiers and structured as including Title, Running Title, Abstract, Keywords, Highlights of study, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions, References, Tables and Figures with their legends); 

D) Authorship statement, copyright transfer, financial disclosure, and acknowledgement permission form (ACFAP form; can be downloaded from journal’s website:

More details for each file are given below.

E) Supplementary files (e.g. ethics approval, language editing certificate etc.) can also be uploaded.

Required submission files

Cover letter

Authors must upload a Cover Letter as a separate file into the online submission system. The cover letter should include the following information:


    • Summarize the study’s contribution to the scientific literature

    • Relate the study to previously published work

    • Specify the type of article

    • Suggest appropriate potential Reviewers ( name, institute and e-mail addresses)

    • List any opposed reviewers

Title page

Title Page should be uploaded as a separate file from Main Text. The Title page should contain the following parts:

  • Article type
  • Title of paper: Please provide a brief, concise and informative title. A title is often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid any abbreviations and formulae where
  • Running title: Please provide a brief running title not exceeding 80 characters.
  • Author List: All authors must meet the criteria for authorship as outlined in the Authorship Policy. Please clearly indicate the given name(s) and family name(s) of each author with academic degrees  and check that all names are accurately spelled. Present all authors’ affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower- case superscript letter immediately after the author’s name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the ORCID IDs and full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each Ensure that the e-mail address is given and that contact details are kept up to date by the corresponding author.
  • Corresponding author: Name, address, telephone, fax and e-mail
  • Keywords: 3 to 6 according to Medical Subject Headings MESH.
  • Conflict of Interest Statement
  • Funding
  • Ethics Statement
  • Other Acknowledgements (e.g. congress presentation, thesis, special thanks etc.)

Main text (without author identifier)

All manuscripts submitted to Contemporary Pediatric Dentistry should follow the structure of Main Text as follows:


Please provide a brief, concise and informative title.Titles is often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid any abbreviations and formulae where possible.

Running title

Please provide a brief running title not exceeding 80 characters.


Word limit for abstracts of submitted articles is 300. Abstract should be presented under the structured subheadings. These subheadings should appear in the text of the abstract. Please repeat the title of the article at the top of the abstract page. The structured abstract format is as follow:

     Original research articles: Aim; Methods; Results; Conclusions.

     Reviews and Case Reports:  Provide a short, non-structured, 1-paragraph abstract that briefly summarizes the study.


3 to 6 keywords are acceptable and keywords must be according to Medical Subject Headings MESH.  Please separate keywords with semi colon and initial letters of each keyword must be capital (e.g. Dental Anxiety; Performance Anxiety).

Highlights of study

Please include a 3-itemHighlights of study‘ statement which should appear at the end of the abstract and advising readers of the “rationale and clinical importance”, “main conclusion”, and “implication of the study”. Highlights of study” should include 3 bullet points (maximum 200 characters, including spaces, per bullet point).


The Introduction must be presented in a structured format, covering the following subjects, although not under subheadings: definition and background of problem, brief literature review, rationale of the study, and hypotheses and aims. Contemporary Pediatric Dentistry encourages the authors to write the final paragraph of the introduction as clearly stating the aims and/hypotheses (e.g. null or a priori) of the study.


Methods should contain sufficient detail such that, in combination with the references cited, all studies reported can be fully reproduced. As a condition of publication, authors are required to make materials and methods used freely available to other academic researchers for their own use. Final paragraph of Methods should be “Statistical Analysis”. Statistical methods should be described with enough detail to enable a knowledgeable reader with access to the original data to verify the reported results. When possible, findings should be quantified and appropriate measures of error or uncertainty (such as confidence intervals) given. Details about eligibility criteria for subjects, randomization and the number of observations should be included. The computer software and the statistical method(s) used should be specified with references to standard works when possible (with pages specified). See for more detailed guidelines.


Authors should not repeat Table data in that Results text; instead, draw the reader’s attention to the highlights/important parts of the Table.


Authors should give a brief conclusion and a comment on the potential clinical program or policy relevance of the findings. Statements and interpretation of the data should be appropriately supported by original references. You should not duplicate to present findings already given in Results or Tables.


Briefly describe the results of the experiments, the interpretation of these results, and the conclusions that can be drawn.


    • Contemporary Pediatric Dentistry encourages reference to the original research articles rather than to books. Authors should therefore keep citations of book to the absolute minimum. Contemporary Pediatric Dentistry encourages citing papers indexed in well-known and respeceted international databases (e.g Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus).

    • The list of references should begin on a fresh page in the manuscript. All references should be numbered consecutively in order of appearance and should be as complete as possible.

Citation in text

    • Citations should cite references in consecutive order using Arabic superscript numerals after punctuation marks. Please add reference number just after terms like “et al.” or “previous studies” rather than end of statement. Sample references follow:

    • “Dental anxiety has multifactorial etiology.1, 2 It has high prevalence worldwide.2,4-7

    • “Buldur et al.19 stated that……” “Previous studies3, 9-15 reported that……….”

Reference List

All references should be brought together at the end of the paper in numerical order and should be in the following form. Sample references follow:

Published Article in Issue


Author(s). Article title. Journal Name (abbreviated) Year; Volume:Page range


1.Buldur B, Kapdan A. Comparison of the Antimicrobial Efficacy of the EndoVac System and Conventional Needle Irrigation in Primary Molar Root Canals. J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017;41:284-288

Published online first with DOI


Author(s). Article title. Journal Name (abbreviated) Year Month Day. Doi


2. Buldur B. Pathways between parental and individual determinants of dental caries and dental visit behaviours among children: Validation of a new conceptual model. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol 2020 April 02. Doi: 10.1111/cdoe.12530



Author(s). Title. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher; Year


3. Johnson C, Anderson S, Dallimore J, Winser S, Warrell D, Imray C, Moore J. Oxford handbook of expedition and wilderness medicine. 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2015

Book Chapter


Author(s). Title of chapter. In: Editor(s), editors. Title of book. Place of publication: Publisher; Year. p. Page range


4. Darden L. Mechanisms and models. In: Hull DL, Ruse M, editors. The Cambridge companion to the philosophy of biology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2008. p.139–159



Author(s). Title [Internet] Year [cited Date]. Available from: URL


5. Cancer Research UK. Current research into breast cancer [Internet] 2020 [cited 2020 Feb 14]. Available from:

Figures and Tables


    • Include Tables into the Main Text. DO NOT submit your tables in separate files. The authors should cite tables in ascending numeric order at first appearance in the manuscript file.

    • Please cite the table(s) in the text of the manuscript (e.g. “Table 1” “Table 2 and 3.”)

    • Table captions must be inserted before the related Table in the end of the manuscript. ( e.g. Table 1. Distribution of extracted teeth according to sex.)

    • DO NOT use vertical lines in Table if not so necessary. Avoid using too much lines and spaces instead of tabs.

    • Tables should NOT contain any color or specific format if not necessary.


    • All graphs, drawings, and photographs are considered Figures and they should be saved as JPEG, JPG, PNG or TIFF ( at least 300 dpi).

    • Include Figures into the Main Text. DO NOT submit your Figures in separate files. Contemporary Pediatric Dentistry reserves right to contact to you get original Figure file if necessary.

    • The authors should cite figures in ascending numeric order at first appearance in the manuscript file.

    • Please cite the Figure(s)  in the text of the manuscript (e.g. “Figure 1” “Figure 2 and 3”).

    • Figure captions must be inserted following the related Figure in the end of the manuscript. ( e.g. Figure 1. Distribution of extracted teeth according to age.)

    • Figures should be planned to fit the proportions of the printed page (width 17 cm) or one column (width 8 cm) and be legible at this size.

    • Color and black-and-white photographs should be created and saved at a minimum of 300 dpi.

    • If all or parts of previously published illustrations are used, permission must be obtained from the copyright holder concerned. It is the corresponding author’s responsibility to obtain these in writing and provide copies to the journal.

    • Special issues: Larger papers, monographs, and conference proceedings may be published as special issues of the journal. Further information can be obtained from the Editorial Office.

Authorship statement, copyright transfer, financial disclosure, and acknowledgement permission form (ACFAP form)

This form should be uploaded during the submission process. Please visit journal’s website to download this form.

Supplementary submission files

Supplementary files (e.g. ethics approval, language editing certificate etc.) can also be uploaded.