Contemp Pediatr Dent 2021:2(2):101-112
Problems of sleep, depression, quality of life in adolescents with TMD diagnosis
Karla Christina Amaral de Pinto Costa1, Stela Maris Wanderley Rocha2 Danilo Antonio Duarte3 Kelly Maria Silva Moreira4 José Carlos Pettorossi Imparato5 Victor Cavallaro Bottesini6✉ Giselle Rodrigues de Santanna7
Adolescents with TMD are at a greater risk of developing depression and they suffer a greater impact of these on their quality of life.
The quality of life can be affected by an inappropriate level of sleep, which might cause social withdrawal, anxiety and low self-esteem.
More attention should be given to this patient group by preventing and controlling the progression of dysfunction as well as providing more comprehensive treatment and multidisciplinary interaction.
Aim: To verify the relationship between temporal-mandibular dysfunction (TMD) with depression, sleep, sleepiness and quality of life in adolescents aged 13 to 18 years old. Methods: Thirty-eight adolescents being seen at the UFAL Dental Clinic (Federal University of Alagoas), for TMD, and qualifying according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC / TMD), participated in the study. Two instruments were used to investigate sleep quality: the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS); the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) for quality-of-life assessment; and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) for depression assessment. Pearson’s correlation coefficient was used for the relationship of numerical variables. For the means tests, the Student t test was applied (using, when necessary, the Welch correction). For the analyses, the Bonferroni correction was considered. Results: After calculation, αBonferroni correction was applied equal to 0,0005. Of the total number of participants (56% female and 44% male), with a mean age of 14.7). In all comparisons between groups (with and without TMD), there were statistically significant indices for adolescents with TMD in relation to: depression (p=5.6∙10-11), quality of life (p=4.3∙10-12), sleep quality (p=5.0∙10-10), and somnolence (p=0.0002). From the correlation matrix, it was observed that all correlations were significantly positive and moderate. Conclusions: Adolescents with a diagnosis of TMD presented an increase of depression and somnolence, as well as impairment of sleep quality and quality of life, and these same variables can influence on the onset of TMD.
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29 July 2021
07 September 2021
08 September 2021